Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

Children with autism spectrum disorders have trouble accomplishing developmental tasks that involve social language, communication and socialization.  Between 100,000 and 200,000 children are diagnosed with one of the ASD disorders each year (1 in 150 American children).  ASDs are more common among boys than girls and they appear to have a genetic link.

Asperger Syndrome (AS) is generally viewed as a form of the condition on the high end of the spectrum.  Children with AS have average to high intelligience but they may have trouble using and interpreting non-verbal behaviors.

Additional information about ASDs is available from the A-Z Disorder Guide provided by the NYU Child Study Center.

National Resources

Autism Speaks 

Autism Research Institute

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - Asperger Syndrome Fact Sheet

NIMH - Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders)

Resources in Virginia

Autism Society Central Virginia

Commonwealth Autism Service

Faison School for Autism

Virginia Autism Resource Center

Get information about a new college program in the Richmond area for students with Asperger’s syndrome called "Courage to Succeed."  Download the brochure here.



Information provided on this website about common emotional and behavioral problems experienced by children is drawn from sources including:

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Revised 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Boston Bar Association. (2009). The Parents' How-to Guide to Children's Mental Health Services in Massachusetts (2nd edition). Boston: Author.  URL: Accessed: 2010-12-09. (Archived by WebCite® at

Klimkeit, E. I., Mattingley, J. B., Sheppard, D. M., Farrow, M., Bradshaw, J. L. (2004). Examining the Development of Attention and Executive Functions in Children with a Novel Paradigm. Child Neuropsychology, 10 (3), 201-211.

NYU Child Study Center. A-Z Disorder Guide. URL: Accessed: 2010-12-09. (Archived by WebCite® at


Date Reviewed: May 31, 2011